Waterloo Hill

New Abbey, KCB, NX952656

Elements: en Caresgowan; en Glen; SSE craig ‘a rock, crag’; en Waterloo; SSE hill

Name Book entry: “A small hill on the farm of Carsegowan, its surface consists of rocky heathy pasture. Its name originated in consequence of a monument being built on its summit, in commemoration of the victory gained by the British and Allied armies, over the French at Waterloo. This hill is part of an irregular hill range.” OS1/20/95/21

Name Book entry: “A tolerably sized hill on the farm of West Glen its surface consists of rocky heathy pasture. On it is built a large granite column to commemorate the victory gained by the British at Waterloo. It is called Waterloo Monument. This hill is part of a range.” OS1/20/96/27

From Malcolm M’Lachlan Harper’s 1876 Rambles in Galloway: Topographical, Historical, Traditional, and Biographical: “A ramble among the moors in the neighbourhood will also reward the visitor. Carsegowan Hill, on the summit of which is the “waterloo” monument, a round tower build of rough granite, some fifty of sixty feet in height with a spiral stair inside, is an object of attraction.”

From the New Statistical Account, vol Vol. IV, p. 248: “Soon after the battle of Waterloo, the inhabitants of New Abbey, aided by the contributions of a few other individuals, animated by those sentiments of gratitude and admiration which at that time pervaded all classes of British subjects towards the illustrious Duke of Wellington and his brave army, erected a monument to commemorate that great and important victory. It is a granite column 50 feet high by 16 feet diameter, with a winding stair inside, and stands on an eminence called Glen hill rising about 400 feet above the level of the sea. It is seen all over the southern part of Nithsdale, as well as the Solway Frith, and along the coast of Cumberland.”

From William Stewart Ross’s The Poet To His Old Coat in Harper’s 1889 The Bards of Galloway: A Collection of Poems, Songs, Ballads, &c., by Natives of Galloway:

“The mist rolled up Carsgowan hill
In streaming layers of gold and blue,
And through it flashed in purple red
The reeking blood of Waterloo,
And the wild lore of cairns and graves
Was all the learning then I knew.”

From an interview with Ian Kingan in the Galloway News, 24 July 2020: Memories of New Abbey through the years in our latest Galloway People: ““My great-great grandfather John Kingan and his family came to Sandyford, one of the holdings on Shambellie Estate, from Kildrain at Kirkgunzeon around 1830,” Ian recounted.
“They arrived not long after the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, when the laird of Shambellie William Stewart had a call on a lot of people.
“Men were sent away to fight and so many were killed that the residents carted stone over the fields to build the Waterloo Monument on a hill above New Abbey.””

Detail from Farm of Glen belonging to Charles Stewart of Shambelly Esq
Reproduced with the permission of the National Library of Scotland

This entry is still in draft and has yet to be proofed. There are links to the sources of historical forms of the name, where spellings can be checked.