New Abbey, KCB, NX969634

Elements: G àird ‘a height’; G àrd ‘high; principal, chief’; G gall ‘foreign; foreigner, stranger’; G gall ‘standing stone’; G baile ‘farm’; G maol ‘bare, rounded hill’; Br arδ ‘a height, a hill’; Br wal & wāl ‘a wall’; S wall ‘well’; SSE well; ON völlr ‘field, meadow’

This name occurs across south-west Scotland. In his discussion of the name in Gatehouse Place Names: Linguistic Origins (from which I have taken the list of elements), Alan James suggests that Gaelic àird a’ghoill ‘height of the stranger’ or àird mhaol ‘height of a bare, rounded hill’ are the most promising interpretations.

Name Book entry: “A farm house and out houses in good repair having a considerable farm of land attached Occupied by John McMyn The property of J. Oswald Esq, of Auchencruive.” OS1/20/120/3

This entry is still in draft and has yet to be proofed. There are links to the sources of historical forms of the name, where spellings can be checked.